NCKU was the first university that tried to preserve cultural heritage by moving the Minor West Gate to a new location in 1970
In 1982, Taiwan’s government promulgated the Cultural Heritage Preservation Act in response to the global trend of cultural heritage preservation while showing its determination to better protect cultural sites and monuments. Yet prior to the promulgation of the law, NCKU had already taken the initiative to preserve an invaluable site in the 1960s.
One of the big challenges facing urban area expansion is how to preserve cultural sites. In 1967, Tainan City Government decided to demolish the Minor West Gate Fengjia Road for road expansion. On hearing this, some professors and students of the Dept. of History and Architecture took immediate action while the then president Yun-Ping Luo, an expert in urban planning, arranged a meeting with the authorities in charge. After a series of discussions with the then mayor Hsi-shan Lin (an alumni of NCKU), who was also an expert in architecture, the city government finally gave permission two years later. And NCKU put efforts to move and re-establish this gate in the Guangfu Campus.
In 1970, the Minor West Gate was successfully moved to the formerly city walls encircling the Minor East Gate, which was built with traditional rammed earth techniques during the Qianlong reign of Qing dynasty and was a construction masterpiece as the city walls were perfectly joined by the city gate. These notable efforts were not only meant to preserve the sites of historic significance, but also showed NCKU’s determination to preserve more cultural heritages as a way to honor the glory of Tainan, the once prefectural capital centuries ago.
Campus scene: the Minor West Gate in 1981 (Picture by courtesy of the National Cheng Kung University Museum/ the class book of class 1981)
Campus scene: the Minor West Gate in 1983 (Picture by courtesy of the National Cheng Kung University Museum / the class book of class 1983)
Students of the Dept. of Chemical Engineering in front of the Minor West Gate in 1985 (Picture by courtesy of the National Cheng Kung University Museum / the class book of class 1985)